Auction Market

Overview of the Cow-Calf Producer Sector

There are approximately 1,000 auction markets in the U.S., with a heavy concentration in the Midwest, Plains, and Southeast regions. Livestock auction markets act as an agent, facilitating a sales transaction between livestock buyers and sellers. These markets accommodate producers with herds and consignments of all sizes. At 31 million head sold annually, cattle are the largest per-head species sold through auction markets. Approximately 80% of cattle producers market their cattle at an auction market each year.

Auction Market Sector Sustainability Assessment Guide

Recognizing that cattle only spend a very brief time (usually 48 hours, almost always less than a week) in the care of auction markets, the auction impact on water resources, animal health and well-being, and employee safety and well-being can still be substantial. Conversely, the auction sector is observed to have a lesser ability to impact efficiency and yield, air and GHG emissions, and land resources. While metrics may emerge for these remaining high-priority indicators for the Auction Market Sector in the future, the ability of auctions to drive improvement across those indicators was limited. Thus, the Auction Market Sector has focused efforts on the three indicators where they have the greatest impact.

The information presented in the Auction Market Sector Sustainability Assessment Guide will assist in the adoption and implementation of those 3-targeted high-priority indicators around sustainability with supporting documents, guidance, resources and best practices identified by USRSB members and supporting industries.

The content and resources listed in the guidance that accompanies many of the metrics in this section are intended to be used only as suggestions for auction owners/operators striving for continuous improvement in these areas.  They should not be interpreted as standards that would determine how the respondent should answer each question.